Multisectoral Humanitarian Response to Conflict-Affected Populations in North-East Nigeria

Civilians continue to bear the brunt of the ongoing conflict in northeast Nigeria, as military operations and hostilities trigger forced displacement, constrain access to affected populations, and exacerbate vulnerability and protection issues. With 6.1 million people in need of humanitarian assistance in 2018, the humanitarian crisis in Nigeria’s northeast may be classified as one of the most severe in the world today.

In the worst-affected states of Borno, Adamawa and Yobe, almost two million people remain displaced. While this number is likely to remain relatively stable in 2018, in the context of the ongoing conflict, population movements (especially within Borno state where people from hard to reach areas increasingly move into population centers) are expected to continue. This trend is evidenced from the large-scale influxes of people into population centers like Pulka, Gwoza, Mafa, observed during the latter part of 2017. Voluntary relocation, insecurity and poor living conditions, are some of the reasons the estimated 36,000 newly displaced people have moved. Reports also suggest that there are several others in areas that are currently inaccessible to humanitarian workers. DTM reports that more than 70% of internally displaced persons (IDPs) have moved twice or more since they first left home, and up to 200,000 refugees from neighboring countries are expected to return as the situation continues to stabilize in some areas. Concurrently, in Borno State (the epicenter of the crisis), lifesaving assistance remains especially critical amidst the volatile security environment. Almost 9 out of 10 displaced people come from Borno, and the state also hosts the majority (78 per cent) of IDPs.

As part of its humanitarian response activities, IOM has rapidly scaled up its activities and delivered non-food items (NFI) kits to more than 411,639 IDPs, provided shelter assistance to over 24,350 households, look after the mental health and psychosocial support of more than 463,319 affected persons. In addition, 5,816 IDPs have benefitted from livelihood assistance, 13,940 have been supported with access to safe water, and more than 727,610 IDPs have been reached through CCCM site facilitation. IOM’s DTM covers 110 Local Government Areas (LGA’s) and has registered 1.7 million individuals.

For more information on IOM’s Emergency Response activities, please follow the links below:

Camp Coordination and Camp Management (CCCM)/Water Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) Emergency Response

Shelter & Non-Food Items Assistance for Affected Population in North East of Nigeria

Emergency Mental Health and Psychosocial Support for Affected Population in North East of Nigeria

Counter Trafficking in North East Nigeria

Capacity Building in North East of Nigeria