Multisectoral Humanitarian Response to Conflict-Affected Populations in North-East Nigeria
Since the beginning of 2015, north-east Nigeria has witnessed an increase in violence perpetrated by Non-State Armed Groups (NSAGs), causing a major humanitarian crisis. Civilians continue to bear the brunt of the ongoing conflict in the north-east, as military operations and hostilities trigger forced displacement, constrain access to affected populations, and exacerbate vulnerability and protection issues. The crisis remains one of the most severe in the world with 7.1 million individuals in need of humanitarian assistance. 1.8 million people are internally displaced.
IOM is providing life-saving Shelter and Non-Food Items (NFI), Camp Coordination and Camp Management (CCCM), Water Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH), Early Recovery, and Mental Health and Psychosocial Support (MHPSS) assistance to crisis-affected populations in the north-east. IOM's Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) is a key tool to the emergency response in producing information on the location and composition of the crisis-affected population and is endorsed as the key source of data pertaining to the identification and the tracking of trends and patterns of mobility. IOM is also responsible for the management and operation of eight humanitarian hubs in Borno state on behalf of humanitarian partners responding to the crisis.
IOM Emergency Response operations are coordinated out of its sub-office in Maiduguri and the Organization has an operational presence in all states declared in a state of national emergency – Borno, Yobe and Adamawa. IOM Nigeria’s Emergency Programme is implemented across the primary sectors of assistance and the organization has due to its capacity assumed leadership roles in the in-country UN Emergency Response Architecture. The longstanding presence and extensive capacity of IOM in Nigeria make it a central actor in the continuing crisis response.