Banki  – “In my own backyard, there are 40 displaced families,” says Hauwa Ari, 25, from her home in Banki, northeastern Nigeria.

Over the last few years, Boko Haram violence has forced more than two million people out of their homes across the region. While many live in displacement camps supported by international aid, the majority live with family, friends and strangers in local communities.

“I didn’t know most of the families that moved onto my land,” explains the soft-spoken mother of three.

“Now I feel like I have 90 children! It’s the happiest feeling in the world,” says Hauwa, a landowner in Banki
Hauwa (veiled in black) poses with some of the children who live on her land.

A local community leader helped connect internally displaced persons (IDPs) with Hauwa about a year ago, when security had improved enough to live in relative safety in the border town once held by Boko Haram.

Hauwa walks through her yard in Banki.

“I’ve become so close with some of the people. When they see me, we greet and kiss. I hold their kids, some of the ladies braid my hair,” she says.

A mother cooks for her children at Hauwa's.

“Even if these families go back to their own homes, towns and villages, I’ll visit them. Our relationships have become so important.”

“I learned about respect and caring from Hauwa,” says Hafsata Mohammed, whose family of 20 has lived on Hauwa’s land for the last nine months. “My oldest son has no job and we have no source of income, having lost so many men to Boko Haram, but we’re living comfortably thanks to her.”

Hauwa inherited the land from her father. She used to rent out the land, as well as some houses, to generate an income, but now she gives everything to displaced people at no cost.

Left: People of all ages are seeking shelter and safety on Hauwa's land in Banki. Right: Some families fled with livestock.

She understands displacement; she spent more than a year outside Banki, seeking safety in small villages to the north of her hometown, which borders Cameroon. Hauwa returned home early last year.

“We were never alone,” she says. “We lived in other people’s houses. There were even people from hundreds of kilometres away with us.

"I prayed that I would be able to give back all the generosity people showed me. Now, that’s what I’m doing,” says Hauwa, shown here with Hafsata.


Mohammed Ware and his three kids also live on her land, in a shelter provided by the International Organization for Migration (IOM).

Mohammed (left) and his neighbours

“We came here nine months ago because Boko Haram entered our village and terrorized us - forcing young girls to marry and killing men around me,” he says. “They burned our houses and schools. They stole our livestock. We’ve finally found peace here.”

Locals say Boko Haram razed much of Banki and the surrounding villages.

Echoing Mohammed’s experience, Keltume Musa says Boko Haram burned her belongings and stole her family’s 300 cows from their village just outside Banki.

Keltume, her husband and their five children have been displaced for six months. They live in an IOM shelter on Gujja Amet’s land, a few blocks away from Hauwa’s.

Keltume Musa
“There’s so much sorrow... Instead of sitting and crying, I try to smile and laugh,” says Keltume

“We feel so happy to help these people,” says Gujja, who is taking care of his friend’s land, where about 100 displaced people are living in IOM shelters. The landowner is displaced himself, having fled to Cameroon two years ago because of the conflict. “These shelters allow us to help more people,” he adds.

Gujja helps house more than 20 displaced families in Banki.
Some of the displaced people in Banki.
"My father was a people person. I'm carrying on his legacy,” says Alhaji Yakuba.

Alhaji’s father, Goni Umar, was a traditional leader in their community of Marte, a town 130km north of Maiduguri in Borno, northeastern Nigeria.

“We always had people around when I was growing up. We shared our house and food,” he says. “It didn’t matter if they were strangers… I remember days when as many as 30 people would come to our home for food or my father’s help.”

Today, it’s Alhaji who is helping others. He has given land to 3,000 displaced people in Maiduguri.

A family of 15 from Mafa, Borno State, live in an abandoned building on Alhaji's land.

“We came empty-handed. Boko Haram took all our things, our cattle and our land. People in Maiduguri have given us some things, but still, we are just managing,” laments Ali Yacana

Ali's room in the old building on Alhaji's land in Maiduguri. IOM has given his family pots, blankets, and other household items.
"We walked for three days to find safety in Maiduguri," Ali says

Alhaji's large property in Maiduguri housed 10,000 cows and a cement factory, about 15 years ago. Both family businesses eventually failed, largely because of Boko Haram, who stole nearly 900 cows from him in 2014, when the violence escalated, he says.

“We’ll go home when we hear it’s safe,” says Hauwa Madu from Mafa, 55km east of Maiduguri. For now, she and her family live in makeshift and IOM shelters on Alhaji's land.

“There were about 100 displaced people at first. Some I knew from Marte, but many I didn’t know,” says Alhaji. “The number started growing. That’s when I asked IOM for support.”

IOM has built shelters for 300 families, approximately 2,100 people, on Alhaji’s land. They are elevated on the old cement slabs from the factory to protect them from flooding during the rainy season.

Alhaji hopes to share more land with displaced families.

He also shares his home and yard in Maiduguri with another 40 displaced individuals.

Shelters on Alhaji's land

“My family is happy – my kids can grow up and be like my father, too,” Alhaji says. “He would be happy if he were alive… to see I’m doing something great.”

"I wish I could give them more," says Bukar Kaje

Bukar Kaje (left) and his son talk with Wilson from IOM Nigeria.

“My brother bought this land to develop it for his motorcycle business,” says Bukar Kaje. “Instead, we offered it to displaced families after more and more people started arriving in 2015."

“Most of these displaced people come from Marte near Lake Chad. That’s where I’m from, too. I left home two years ago, to join my brother in Maiduguri, after Boko Haram held me at gunpoint,” he explains.

“People still arrive from there. They escape during the night because Boko Haram has blocked so many ways in and out of the town.”

“We asked Wilson from IOM to build shelters for displaced people on our land. They built 75, enough for 150 families,” Bukar says. “They also helped free space between the makeshift shelters to make the place more comfortable.”

Some of the familes living on Bukar's land.

“We've given homes to more than 1,000 displaced people, but there’s no food to give them," Bukar explains. "These are people who are used to farming corn and rice. They can’t do that now."

“I wish I could give them more.”

Meeting communities' needs

Whether working with Bukar and Alhaji in Maiduguri, central Borno, or Hauwa in Banki near Cameroon, IOM meets communities where they are.

“We adjust our approaches to ensure they address local needs, developing communal spaces for families to cook together, for example," explains Tommy Sandløkk, an architect and site planner at IOM Nigeria."

“It’s really important that we work with community leaders and landowners to build new camps or support existing ones that reflect the diverse people who live in them," he says.

IOM has given temporary and longer-term shelters to around 50,000 displaced Nigerians in the northeast over the last year and a half, as part of the emergency response to the displacement crisis.

Nearly two million people are still displaced in the region because of Boko Haram, according to IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix.

IOM Nigeria’s emergency response, which started in 2014, has supported nearly 520,000 individuals across the northeast with shelters, household items, and counselling and mental health services.

The response also includes managing camps, biometrically registering internally displaced persons and affected communities, and tracking displacement.

SDG 3 - Good Health and Well Being
SDG 10 - Reduced Inequalities
SDG 16 - Peace Justice and Strong Institutions